Understanding the Abortion Pill

General information on the abortion pill, covering its usage, effectiveness, and process. Learn about the safe, private option for early pregnancy termination.

11/26/20231 min read

woman sitting outdoor during daytime
woman sitting outdoor during daytime

The abortion pill, a method for safely ending early pregnancy, involves two medicines: mifepristone and misoprostol. Mifepristone halts pregnancy growth by blocking progesterone, while misoprostol, taken up to 48 hours later, induces cramping and bleeding to empty the uterus, resembling a heavy period or early miscarriage. If bleeding doesn't occur within 24 hours post-misoprostol, medical consultation is advised.

This method is highly effective, with success rates varying slightly based on the pregnancy stage and dosage. At 8 weeks or less, its effectiveness is approximately 94-98%. This decreases slightly as pregnancy progresses, but additional doses of misoprostol can enhance effectiveness to around 99%.

Medication abortion is generally an option up to 11 weeks after the start of your last period. Beyond 11 weeks, in-clinic abortion becomes necessary.

Many choose the abortion pill for its non-invasive nature and the privacy it affords, allowing the process to occur at home or in a chosen comfortable space, either alone or with chosen support.

Your healthcare provider will guide you through the process, including managing side effects and determining the best type of abortion for your circumstances

Your best place for knowledge and help is at Planned Parenthood.